Cell evolution and the problem of membrane topology

@article{Griffiths2007CellEA,
  title={Cell evolution and the problem of membrane topology},
  author={Gareth W. Griffiths},
  journal={Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology},
  year={2007},
  volume={8},
  pages={1018-1024}
}
  • G. Griffiths
  • Published 1 December 2007
  • Biology
  • Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology
Cells somehow evolved from primordial chemistry and their emergence depended on the co-evolution of the cytoplasm, a genetic system and the cell membrane. It is widely believed that the cytoplasm evolved inside a primordial lipid vesicle, but here I argue that the earliest cytoplasm could have co-evolved to high complexity outside a vesicle on the membrane surface. An invagination of the membrane, aided by an early cytoskeletal system, may have formed the first cells — initially within… 
Signaling from the Living Plasma Membrane
Origin of Eukaryotes
TLDR
Recent advances in super-resolution microscopy, meta-genomics, and gene editing techniques mean that archaea and bacteria can be studied in greater cellular and ecological detail than ever before, raising hopes that insights from comparative cell biology will help to distinguish between competing models of eukaryogenesis in the near future.
Early self-reproduction, the emergence of division mechanisms in protocells.
TLDR
Recent experimental work describing membrane and vesicle division mechanisms based on chemico-physical spontaneous processes, inorganic early catalysis and enzyme based mechanisms controlling early protocell division and finally the feedback from minimal genome studies is reviewed.
A comparison of autogenous theories for the origin of eukaryotic cells.
  • D. Baum
  • Biology
    American journal of botany
  • 2015
TLDR
This review shows that OI and IO models are compatible with both mitochondria early (ME) or mitochondria late (ML) formulations, and indicates that diverse features of eukaryotic cell biology align well with the IOME model.
Primal Eukaryogenesis: On the Communal Nature of Precellular States, Ancestral to Modern Life
TLDR
The coevolutionary emergence from a communal system at the common root can most naturally explain the vast discrepancy in subcellular organization between modern eukaryotes on the one hand and both archaea and bacteria on the other.
Cell envelope architecture in the Chloroflexi: a shifting frontline in a phylogenetic turf war.
TLDR
This Correspondence summarizes the compelling evidence that the Chloroflexi are in fact monoderm, i.e. have only a single cellular membrane.
The Polarized Distribution of the Na + ,K + -ATPase
TLDR
It is suggested that the very existence of higher metazoans depends on this polarized expression of pumps, which arises from the very specific affinity of one β subunit for another in Na+,K+-ATPase.
Viability Conditions for a Compartmentalized Protometabolic System: A Semi-Empirical Approach
TLDR
This work combines experimental and simulation results to establish the conditions under which a reaction network with a catalytically closed organization would overcome the potential problem of self-suffocation that arises from the limited accessibility of nutrients to its internal reaction domain.
Peptide‐dominated membranes preceding the genetic takeover by RNA: latest thinking on a classic controversy
  • R. Egel
  • Biology
    BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 2009
TLDR
Conceivable, the earliest peptide‐dominated vesicles were engaged in light harvesting, together with isoprenoid‐tethered pigments, rather than providing an external boundary, and this unconventional scenario assumes a late onset of cellular individualization – perhaps from within, resembling endosporogenesis.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Chemistry and Physics of Primitive Membranes
TLDR
A membrane boundary structure was essential for the advent of cellular life and Amphiphilic monocarboxylic acids are present in carbonaceous meteorites and can be synthesized under simulated geochemical conditions.
Bacterial actins? An evolutionary perspective.
  • R. Doolittle, A. York
  • Biology
    BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 2002
TLDR
Compelling evidence is presented that actin, one of the principal components of a cytoskeleton, has a homolog in Bacteria that behaves in many ways like eukaryotic actin and the bacterialhomolog (mreB protein), unlike many other proteins common to Eukaryotes and Bacteria, have very different and more highly extended evolutionary histories.
A dynamic bacterial cytoskeleton.
Powering membrane traffic in endocytosis and recycling
TLDR
The subjects of this review are the motors that power the transport steps along the endocytic and recycling pathways, their modes of attachment to cargo and their regulation.
Obcells as Proto-Organisms: Membrane Heredity, Lithophosphorylation, and the Origins of the Genetic Code, the First Cells, and Photosynthesis
TLDR
It is argued that proteins were primarily structural not enzymatic and that the first biological membranes consisted of amphipathic peptidyl-tRNAs and prebiotic mixed lipids, and that a symbiosis of membranes, replicators, and catalysts probably mediated the origin of the code and the transition from a nucleic acid world of independent molecular replicators to aucleic acid/protein/lipid world of reproducing organisms.
Synthesis of phospholipids and membranes in prebiotic conditions
TLDR
The abiotic synthesis of various lipids, including membranogenic phospholipids, are reported here, which are obvious candidates for prebiotic membrane components.
Molecules of the bacterial cytoskeleton.
The structural elucidation of clear but distant homologs of actin and tubulin in bacteria and GFP labeling of these proteins promises to reinvigorate the field of prokaryotic cell biology. FtsZ (the
Membrane self‐assembly processes: Steps toward the first cellular life
TLDR
This review addresses the question of the origin of life, with emphasis on plausible boundary structures that may have initially provided cellular compartmentation, by investigating nutrient uptake across simple membranes and encapsulated catalyzed reactions in protocellular life forms.
Harnessing actin dynamics for clathrin-mediated endocytosis
TLDR
Live-cell imaging studies are shedding light on the order and timing of the molecular events and mechanisms of actin function during endocytosis.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...