Influence of cell cycle on HIV-1 expression differsamong various models of chronic infection
Phase specificity in the TNF cytotoxic effect and the number of TNF binding receptors was investigated using L-M cells incubated synchronously from the S phase. TNF cytotoxicity was observed to occur at various levels during the cell cycle, with peak effect in the G2-M phase. Analysis with 125I-labeled TNF to determine the number of receptors binding TNF in the various cell phases shewed a phase specificity with the maximum number occurring in the G2-M phase, similar to the peak in cytotoxicity. The results suggest the existence of a cell cycle specificity in the cytotoxicity of TNF which is apparently related to changes in the number of receptors capable of binding TNF.