An investigator-blinded, randomized, multicenter study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of cefdinir and amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxicillin/CA) in the treatment of pediatric patients with acute suppurative otitis media. Patients 6 months to 12 years of age were randomized in a 1∶1∶1 ratio to receive cefdinir 14 mg/kg once-daily, cefdinir 7 mg/kg b.i.d., or amoxicillin/CA 13.3 mg/kg t.i.d. Test-of-cure was determined 11 to 16 days post therapy. Of the 752 patients who entered the study, 665 (88%) completed treatment and 595 (79%) were evaluable. Response rates in the three treatment groups were similar. Overall rates of adverse events were statistically lower in the cefdinir once-daily group than in the amoxicillin/CA group. Diarrhea was the most common adverse event in all treatment groups. Cefdinir given either once-daily or twicedaily is a safe and effective treatment for pediatric patients with acute suppurative otitis media.