Ceaseless Toil ? Health and Labor Supply of the Elderly in Rural China 1 1 . 0 Introduction Industrialization

  • Dwayne Benjamin Loren Brandt Jia-Zhueng Fan
  • Published 2003


Deborah Davis-Friedmann (1991) described the “retirement” pattern of the Chinese elderly in the prereform era as “ceaseless toil”: lacking sufficient means of support, the elderly had to work their entire lives. In this paper we re-cast the metaphor of ceaseless toil in a labor supply model, where we highlight the role of age and deteriorating health. The… (More)

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