Cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathy

  title={Cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathy},
  author={Päivi Toivonen and Mervi K{\"o}n{\"o}nen and Eini Niskanen and Olli Vaurio and Eila Repo‐Tiihonen and Allan Sepp{\"a}nen and Hannu J. Aronen and Ritva Vanninen and Jari Tiihonen and Mikko P. Laakso},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={152 - 153}
Summary The presence of cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) has been reported to be a neurodevelopmental marker of psychopathy. We scanned 26 violent offenders and 25 controls; 2 offenders and 2 controls had CSP (8% in both groups). Thus, the presence of CSP is not a common or a unique feature of antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy. 
The relationship between cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathic traits in a large forensic sample
Examining for Cavum Septum Pellucidum and Ventricular Enlargement in Retired Elite-Level Rugby League Players
A difference in the size of the CSP was revealed between retired professional rugby league players and controls, which was larger for retired players than for the controls.
Recent neuro-imaging findings with respect to conduct disorder, callous-unemotional traits and psychopathy.
The recent data are consistent with a view that callous-unemotional traits/psychopathy represents an early appearing neuro-developmental disorder particularly associated with compromised emotional (limbic) functioning, however, some patients presenting with severe antisocial behavior may also show hyper-threat sensitivity, perhaps reflecting trauma exposure, and require different clinical interventions.
The epidemiology, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of psychopathy are reviewed, the effect of this disorder on quality of life and functioning is described and the identification of children and young people at risk for this personality disorder and preventative work are described.
The contribution of brain imaging to the understanding of psychopathy
Functional imaging data indicate that relevant emotional flow breakdown may occur in both brain systems and suggest specific mechanisms via which emotion is anomalously integrated into cognition in psychopathic individuals during moral challenge.
Does the Prevalence of Anatomical Variants of the Brain Ventricles vary according to Socioeconomic Status? A Cross-sectional Imaging Survey in 2 Brazilian Private Hospitals
Anatomical brain ventricular variants were present in about 12% of participants of this middle-class Brazilian sample while also being more prevalent in male elderly and participants from lower socioeconomic strata, and Logistic regression analysis confirmed that patients from hospital one, older patients, and men were more likely to have any type of cerebral cavum and CSP.


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