Cavitation in rubber: an elastic instability or a fracture phenomenon?

@article{Lefvre2015CavitationIR,
  title={Cavitation in rubber: an elastic instability or a fracture phenomenon?},
  author={Victor Lef{\`e}vre and Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar and Oscar Lopez-Pamies},
  journal={International Journal of Fracture},
  year={2015},
  volume={192},
  pages={1-23}
}
The viewpoint that cavitation in rubber—that is, the sudden growth of inherent defects in rubber into large enclosed cavities in response to external stimuli—is a purely elastic phenomenon has long been known to be fundamentally incomplete. Essentially, this is because the local stretches around the defects at which cavitation initiates far exceed the elastic limit of the rubber, which therefore ought to inelastically deform by fracturing to accommodate their growth. Yet, rather remarkably, the… CONTINUE READING
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