Caveolin-1 Is Up-Regulated by GLI1 and Contributes to GLI1-Driven EMT in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Abstract

Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) has been recently identified to be over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and promote HCC cell motility and invasion ability via inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the mechanism of aberrant overexpression of Cav-1 remains vague. Here, we observed that Cav-1 expression was positively associated with GLI1 expression in HCC tissues. Forced expression of GLI1 up-regulated Cav-1 in Huh7 cells, while knockdown of GLI1 decreased expression of Cav-1 in SNU449 cells. Additionally, silencing Cav-1 abolished GLI1-induced EMT of Huh7 cells. The correlation between GLI1 and Cav-1 was confirmed in tumor specimens from HCC patients and Cav-1 was found to be associated with poor prognosis after hepatic resection. The relationship between protein expression of GLI1 and Cav-1 was also established in HCC xenografts of nude mice. These results suggest that GLI1 may be attributed to Cav-1 up-regulation which plays an important role in GLI1-driven EMT phenotype in HCC.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084551

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@inproceedings{Gai2014Caveolin1IU, title={Caveolin-1 Is Up-Regulated by GLI1 and Contributes to GLI1-Driven EMT in Hepatocellular Carcinoma}, author={Xiaohong Gai and Zhongtang Lu and Kangsheng Tu and Zheyong Liang and Xin Zheng}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2014} }