Causes of sagittal spinal imbalance and assessment of the extent of needed correction.

@article{Bridwell2006CausesOS,
  title={Causes of sagittal spinal imbalance and assessment of the extent of needed correction.},
  author={Keith H. Bridwell},
  journal={Instructional course lectures},
  year={2006},
  volume={55},
  pages={567-75}
}
Most patients with spinal sagittal imbalance have a fusion mass that is either kyphotic or hypolordotic, with segments above or below the fusion that have subsequently degenerated. The four most common presentations include a patient who had a long fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with subsequent degeneration distally; a patient with degenerative sagittal imbalance in whom fusions have initially been performed in the distal lumbar spine in a somewhat hypolordotic or kyphotic position… CONTINUE READING

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A technique for lumbar Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: Adult Degenerative Disorders

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