• Corpus ID: 7191914

Causes of neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

@article{Alfonso2011CausesON,
  title={Causes of neonatal brachial plexus palsy.},
  author={Daniel T. Alfonso},
  journal={Bulletin of the NYU hospital for joint diseases},
  year={2011},
  volume={69 1},
  pages={
          11-6
        }
}
  • D. Alfonso
  • Published 2011
  • Medicine
  • Bulletin of the NYU hospital for joint diseases
The causes of brachial plexus palsy in neonates should be classified according to their most salient associated feature. The causes of brachial plexus palsy are obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, familial congenital brachial plexus palsy, maternal uterine malformation, congenital varicella syndrome, osteomyelitis involving the proximal head of the humerus or cervical vertebral bodies, exostosis of the first rib, tumors and hemangioma in the region of the brachial plexus, and intrauterine… 
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The nationwide incidence of NBPP decreased during the study period, and multiple risk factors, including shoulder dystocia, macrosomia, and heavy for dates became less predictive of the development ofNBPP over time.
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Most infants with brachial plexus birth palsy with signs of recovery in the first 6 weeks of life will improve spontaneously to have a normal function. However, infants who fail to recover in the
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The present study aims to break the paradigms that associate Obstetric palsy compulsorily with shoulder dystocia, and that its occurrence necessarily implies negligence, malpractice or recklessness of the team involved.
Timing of rehabilitation in children with obstetric upper trunk brachial plexus palsy
TLDR
A rehabilitation programme is the best choice of treatment before surgical procedures in patients with mild to moderate obstetric upper trunk brachial plexus palsy regardless of age and the initiation time.
Neonatal brachial plexus palsy: a permanent challenge.
TLDR
This review highlights the current management of infants with NBPP, including conservative and operative approaches, and brachial plexus surgery can improve the functional outcome of selected patients.
Bilateral obstetric brachial plexus paralysis: a case report
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With this case, it is emphasized that obstetric brachial plexus paralysis occurs rarely bilateral and after cesarean section.
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References

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Pathogenesis of obstetric brachial plexus palsy.
Brachial plexus palsy: an old problem revisited.
TLDR
The data are strongly suggestive that intrauterine maladaptation may play a role in brachial plexus impairment, and should not be taken as prima facie evidence of birth process injury.
Intrauterine shoulder weakness and obstetric brachial plexus palsy.
TLDR
It is reported that stretching of brachial plexus at birth sufficient to produce a plexis injury may occur in a patient with a vulnerable plexi even in the absence of traction during delivery.
Obstetric brachial plexus palsy--risk factors and predictors.
TLDR
The results confirm that Narakas' classification, apart from being very popular for classifying severity of the pathology, is a strong predictor of outcome.
The timing of congenital brachial plexus injury: a study of electromyography findings in the newborn piglet.
TLDR
Electromyographic evidence of brachial plexus denervation after surgical transection differs between the newborn and the adult pig, and a correlation exists between length of the distal nerve segment and timing for electromyographic signs of denervation.
The epidemiology of neonatal brachial plexus palsy in the United States.
TLDR
Shoulder dystocia poses the greatest risk for brachial plexus injury, and having a twin or multiple birth mates and delivery by cesarean section are associated with a protective effect against injury.
Cortical Dysplasia and Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy
TLDR
The association of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy and contralateral motor cortex Dysplasia raises the possibility that the cortical dysplasia was a predisposing factor for obstetric brachials palsy in these cases.
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