• Corpus ID: 78538310

Causes of cough

  title={Causes of cough},
  author={Lorna Marie West},
Introduction Patients frequently present to pharmacists requesting medications which can relieve cough, describing it mainly as productive or dry. A cough is a symptom of a variety of respiratory and non-respiratory conditions1 which could be both mild and serious in nature and can be described as “a forced expulsive manoeuvre or manoeuvres against a closed glottis that are associated with a characteristic sound or sounds”.2 Causes of cough can range from a common cold to malignancy and… 


Recommendations for the management of cough in adults
The British Thoracic Society Standards of Care Committee agreed to the development of a Working Group tasked with the job of producing a set of guidelines for the management of cough with the following key objectives.
Chronic Cough Due to Acute Bronchitis
For patients with the putative diagnosis of acute bronchitis, routine treatment with antibiotics is not justified and should not be offered, and vigorous efforts to curtail their use should be encouraged.
The diagnosis and treatment of cough.
An approach to managing cough in adults with a systematic approach based on the guidelines described should be possible to diagnose and treat cough successfully in the great majority of cases.
Chronic cough due to gastroesophageal reflux disease: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.
Accurately diagnosing and successfully treating chronic cough due to GERD can be a major challenge and some patients improve with minimal medical therapy, others require more intensive regimens.
Chronic cough due to nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.
Further study of this condition may improve the understanding of airway inflammation and airway responsiveness, leading to novel targets for therapeutic agents for the treatment of both asthma and nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis.
Chronic cough due to lung tumors: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.
The scientific evidence on cough associated with tumors in the lungs is reviewed, showing that lung cancer is the cause of chronic cough in <or=2% of all patients who present with a chronic cough.
ERS guidelines on the assessment of cough
Cough can have profound effects on health status, which can be assessed by cough-specific health status questionnaires, and may be used to follow change in cough reflex sensitivity in an individual.
Female gender as a determinant of cough threshold to inhaled capsaicin.
It is confirmed that cough sensitivity is heightened in females and suggested that influence of height and pulmonary function on the cough threshold may have resulted from sex difference and multiple regression analysis revealed that sex difference was the significant predictive factor for the coughing threshold in either age group.
Respiratory symptoms in relation to indoor exposure to mite and cat allergens and endotoxins. Indoor Factors and Genetics in Asthma (INGA) Study Group.
Indoor exposure to Dermatophagoides farinae antigen 1 and cat antigen d1 is a risk factor for respiratory symptoms in adults, and forCat antigen d 1 even in nonsensitized subjects, and the risk is increased if subjects are exposed to a mixture of allergens or if they are sensitized in addition to high exposure.