Causes of ant sting anaphylaxis in Australia: the Australian Ant Venom Allergy Study

  title={Causes of ant sting anaphylaxis in Australia: the Australian Ant Venom Allergy Study},
  author={S. G. A. Brown and Pauline E. van Eeden and Michael D. Wiese and Raymond J Mullins and Graham O. Solley and Robert Puy and Robert W. Taylor and Robert J. Heddle},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
Objective: To determine the Australian native ant species associated with ant sting anaphylaxis, geographical distribution of allergic reactions, and feasibility of diagnostic venom‐specific IgE (sIgE) testing. 

Ant venom immunotherapy in Australia: the unmet need

The efficacy and real‐world effectiveness of JJA venom immunotherapy (VIT) to prevent anaphylaxis in allergic patients are now well established, with an evidence base that is at least equivalent to that supporting VIT for allergy to other insect species.

Global View on Ant Venom Allergy: from Allergenic Components to Clinical Management

A global view on allergic reactions to the venoms of stinging ants and the contemporary approach to diagnose and manage ant venom allergy is provided.

Towards complete identification of allergens in Jack Jumper (Myrmecia pilosula) ant venom and their clinical relevance: An immunoproteomic approach

  • T. WanandyR. Wilson M. Wiese
  • Biology
    Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • 2018
The venomous stings of Jack Jumper ant (JJA; species of the Myrmecia pilosula taxonomic group) are a significant public health issue in parts of south‐eastern and south‐western Australia, causing

Factors influencing the quality of Myrmecia pilosula (Jack Jumper) ant venom for use in in vitro and in vivo diagnoses of allergen sensitization and in allergen immunotherapy

  • T. WanandyH. Dwyer M. Wiese
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • 2017
Allergen immunotherapy uses pharmaceutical preparations derived from naturally occurring source materials, which contain water‐soluble allergenic components responsible for allergic reactions. The

Ant allergens and hypersensitivity reactions in response to ant stings.

Management of ant hypersensitivity can be divided into immediate (epinephrine, corticosteroids), symptomatic (antihistamines, bronchodilators), supportive (fluid resuscitation, oxygen therapy), and preventive (re-sting avoidance and immunotherapy) treatments.

Component Resolved Diagnosis in Hymenoptera Anaphylaxis

The diagnostic gap of previously undetected Hymenoptera allergy has been decreased via production of recombinant allergens due to knowledge of analogies in interspecies proteins and cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants.

Injury trends from envenoming in Australia, 2000–2013

A national overview of venomous bites undertaken in Australia with 20 years elapsed since a national overview in Australia found that there were no new threats to public health from bites or venomous animals.

Beware of allergic reactions to stings and bites

Allergic reactions to bites and stings develop rapidly, peak quickly and usually ease within a day or two, and the most effective method to reverse anaphylaxis is an injection of adrenaline.

Facing Hymenoptera Venom Allergy: From Natural to Recombinant Allergens

Recent findings on identification, molecular characterization and recombinant expression of Hymenoptera venom allergens are reviewed and these heterologous proteins are evaluated as valuable tools for tackling remaining pitfalls on HVA diagnosis and immunotherapy.

Insect allergy in children

Large local reactions are at low risk of progression to anaphylaxis on subsequent stings, and hence, venom immunotherapy is not necessary, and large local reactions to bites and stings are the most common presentation.



Anaphylaxis to bull dog ant and jumper ant stings around Perth, Western Australia

Objective:  To determine the main causative species, reaction characteristics and geographical locations of ant sting anaphylaxis around Perth, Western Australia (WA).

Original article: Myrmecia pilosula (Jack Jumper) ant venom: identification of allergens and revised nomenclature

The aims were to determine the allergenicity of previously described venom peptides in their native forms, identify additional allergens and if necessary, update nomenclature used to describe the allergens according to International Union of Immunological Societies criteria.

Immediate allergic reactions to Myrmecia ant stings: immunochemical analysis of Myrmecia venoms

Sera with IgE reactivity to only a single Myrmecia venom most often recognize M. pilosula venom although all six venoms appear capable of inducing IgE antibodies.

Stinging and biting insect allergy: an Australian experience.

  • G. Solley
  • Medicine
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
  • 2004

Prevalence, severity, and natural history of jack jumper ant venom allergy in Tasmania.

M pilosula sting exposure in Tasmania is excessive compared with that found in mainland Australia, and there is a high systemic reaction risk in allergic people on re-sting.

Epidemiology of insect venom sensitivity.

It is concluded that both systemic allergic reactions to insect stings and asymptomatic sensitivity to venom are common and that most affected persons never seek medical advice.