Causes and consequences of plant-associated biofilms.

  title={Causes and consequences of plant-associated biofilms.},
  author={Thimmaraju Rudrappa and Meredith L. Biedrzycki and Harsh Pal Bais},
  journal={FEMS microbiology ecology},
  volume={64 2},
The rhizosphere is the critical interface between plant roots and soil where beneficial and harmful interactions between plants and microorganisms occur. Although microorganisms have historically been studied as planktonic (or free-swimming) cells, most are found attached to surfaces, in multicellular assemblies known as biofilms. When found in association with plants, certain bacteria such as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria not only induce plant growth but also protect plants from soil… CONTINUE READING