Causes and consequences of mind perception

@article{Waytz2010CausesAC,
  title={Causes and consequences of mind perception},
  author={Adam Waytz and Kurt Gray and Nicholas Epley and Daniel M. Wegner},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  year={2010},
  volume={14},
  pages={383-388}
}

Figures from this paper

More than a body: mind perception and the nature of objectification.
TLDR
It is found that focusing on someone's body reduces perceptions of agency but increases perceptions of experience, which suggest that a body focus does not cause objectification per se but, instead, leads to a redistribution of perceived mind.
Mind Perception and Individual Differences: A Replication and Extension
ABSTRACT Mind perception involves attributing higher functional abilities to others (e.g., saying a dog feels pain). The relationships between mind perception and psychopathology—autism, psychopathy,
Perceiving Minds and Gods
  • Will M. Gervais
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2013
Most people believe in the existence of empirically unverifiable gods. Despite apparent heterogeneity, people’s conceptions of their gods center on predictable themes. Gods are overwhelmingly
Motivated mind perception: treating pets as people and people as animals.
TLDR
It is suggested that understanding the factors that engage the authors' theory of mind can help to explain the inverse process of dehumanization, and also why people might be indifferent to other people even when connecting to them would improve their momentary wellbeing.
Two motivations for two dimensions of mind
Mind Attribution is for Morality
Morality—judging others’ behavior to be right or wrong, as well as behaving in a right or wrong manner towards others—is an essential component of social life. Morality depends critically on our
Seeing Agents When we Need to, Attributing Experience When we Feel Like it
Mind attribution may be divided into the subcategories of attribution of agency, associated with moral agency, and attribution of experience and emotion, associated with moral concern and moral
The Harm-Made Mind
TLDR
The present research found that observing intentional harm to an unconscious entity—a vegetative patient, a robot, or a corpse—leads to augmented attribution of mind to that entity, which suggests that minds do not create morality but that morality creates minds.
Pay Them No Mind: the Influence of Implicit and Explicit Robot Mind Perception on the Right to be Protected
Mind perception is a fundamental part of anthropomorphism and has recently been suggested to be a dual process. The current research studied the influence of implicit and explicit mind perception on
The face-mind link: Why we see minds behind faces, and how others' minds change how we see their face
Understanding others' minds has puzzled philosophers for centuries. Psychologists, too, have recently begun asking questions about what causes us to see another person as having complex or simple
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES
Blaming God for Our Pain: Human Suffering and the Divine Mind
  • Kurt Gray, D. Wegner
  • Philosophy, Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2010
TLDR
The authors propose that God is seen as the ultimate moral agent, the entity people blame and praise when they receive anomalous harm and help, and support for this proposition comes from research on mind perception, morality, and moral typecasting.
The Existential Theory of Mind
The primary causal explanatory model for interpreting behavior, theory of mind, may have expanded into corridors of human cognition that have little to do with the context in which it evolved,
What do I think you're doing? Action identification and mind attribution.
TLDR
The authors found in Study 1 that the attribution of intentionality and cognition to a target was associated with identifying the target's action in terms of high-level effects rather than low-level details.
The Illusion of Conscious Will
  • D. Wegner
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    The MIT Press
  • 2018
Do we consciously cause our actions, or do they happen to us? Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, theologians, and lawyers have long debated the existence of free will versus determinism.
The Concept of Intentional Action: A Case Study in the Uses of Folk Psychology
It is widely believed that the primary function of folk psychology lies in the prediction, explanation and control of behavior. A question arises, however, as to whether folk psychology has also been
Effect of perspective taking on the cognitive representation of persons: a merging of self and other.
TLDR
Observers receiving role-taking instructions were more likely to ascribe traits to a novel target that they (observers) had earlier indicated were self-descriptive, however for positively valenced traits.
Taking Another Person's Perspective Increases Self-Referential Neural Processing
TLDR
To the extent that perspective taking does lead to greater overlap in the cognitive processes engaged by consideration of self and other, activity in vMPFC should differentiate less between self and a person whose perspective has recently been adopted than between selfand a person considered from a more distal vantage.
Attributing and denying humanness to others
We review a programme of research on the attribution of humanness to people, and the ways in which lesser humanness is attributed to some compared to others. We first present evidence that humanness
Who Sees Human?
  • A. Waytz, J. Cacioppo, N. Epley
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2010
TLDR
This research provides a measure of stable individual differences in anthropomorphism that predicts three important consequences for everyday life: the degree of moral care and concern afforded to an agent, the amount of responsibility and trust placed on an agent and the extent to which an agent serves as a source of social influence on the self.
...
...