Causes and Management of Hyponatremia

  title={Causes and Management of Hyponatremia},
  author={Biff F. Palmer and John R. Gates and Malcolm Harold Lader},
  journal={Annals of Pharmacotherapy},
  pages={1694 - 1702}
OBJECTIVE: To review clinical information on the incidence and causes of hyponatremia (defined as a serum sodium level <130 mEq/L), the most common electrolyte abnormality seen in general hospital patients, and to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of hyponatremia in relation to these factors. DATA SOURCES: Primary sources and review articles were identified via MEDLINE (1981–July 2003) for entries on hyponatremia. We limited the search to specific topics including incidence, risk factors… 

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