Causes, background, and characteristics of binocular diplopia in the elderly

@article{Kawai2018CausesBA,
  title={Causes, background, and characteristics of binocular diplopia in the elderly},
  author={Manami Kawai and Toshiaki Goseki and Hitoshi Ishikawa and Miki Hoshina and Nobuyuki Shoji},
  journal={Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology},
  year={2018},
  volume={62},
  pages={659-666}
}
PurposeWe evaluated the background and characteristics of elderly patients with binocular diplopia including diseases caused by abnormalities in orbital pulleys.Study designRetrospective.MethodsThe participants were 236 patients aged 60 years or older who visited Kitasato University Hospital complaining of binocular diplopia. We classified strabismus by types and investigated the causes for each group. We diagnosed orbital pulley disorders using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Patients with… Expand
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Functional Anatomy of Muscle Mechanisms. Compensating Vertical Heterophoria.
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Patients with sagging eye syndrome exhibited disordered orbital pulley and extraocular muscle malposition, as determined by standard coronal magnetic resonance imaging, indicating the effectiveness of the procedure for diagnosing sagged eye syndrome. Expand
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