Caught inside the black box: Criminalization, opaque technology, and the New York subway MetroCard

@article{McClain2019CaughtIT,
  title={Caught inside the black box: Criminalization, opaque technology, and the New York subway MetroCard},
  author={Noah McClain},
  journal={The Information Society},
  year={2019},
  volume={35},
  pages={251 - 271}
}
  • Noah McClain
  • Published 25 July 2019
  • Sociology
  • The Information Society
Abstract This article investigates how an account of hidden, internal properties of an everyday technology became a framework to interpret human action as a serious crime. Using a case study situated in the New York subway system, I examine the criminalization of a practice of New York’s poor known as “selling swipes” performed by so-called “swipers”. A high court came to classify the practice as felony forgery, interpreting it though an expert-witness account of how objects physically… 

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