Caudal epidural anti-nociception using lidocaine, bupivacaine or their combination in cows undergoing reproductive procedures.

@article{Vesal2013CaudalEA,
  title={Caudal epidural anti-nociception using lidocaine, bupivacaine or their combination in cows undergoing reproductive procedures.},
  author={Nasser Vesal and Mohammadrahim Ahmadi and Mehrzad Foroud and Hadi Imani},
  journal={Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia},
  year={2013},
  volume={40 3},
  pages={328-32}
}
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the anti-nociceptive effects of lidocaine, lidocaine-bupivacaine combination or bupivacaine following caudal epidural administration in cows undergoing reproductive procedures. STUDY DESIGN Blinded, randomized experimental study. ANIMALS Thirty seven healthy Holstein cows (mean weight ± SD, 633 ± 41 kg). METHODS Animals were allocated randomly to receive one of four treatments: group LID, 0.2 mg kg(-1) lidocaine 2%; group LID-BUP, lidocaine-bupivacaine mixture in a 1… CONTINUE READING