Cattle Before Crops: The Beginnings of Food Production in Africa

  title={Cattle Before Crops: The Beginnings of Food Production in Africa},
  author={Fiona B. Marshall and Elisabeth Anne Hildebrand},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
In many areas of the world, current theories for agricultural origins emphasize yield as a major concern during intensification. In Africa, however, the need for scheduled consumption shaped the development of food production. African cattle were domesticated during the tenth millennium BP by delayed-return Saharan hunter-gatherers in unstable, marginal environments where predictable access to resources was a more significant problem than absolute abundance. Pastoralism spread patchily across… Expand

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