Catnip and the catnip response

@article{Tucker1988CatnipAT,
  title={Catnip and the catnip response},
  author={Arthur O. Tucker and Sharon S. Tucker},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  year={1988},
  volume={42},
  pages={214-231}
}
Fourteen chemical compounds from diverse biological sources elicit a unique pattern of behavior in most species of the family Felidae. These chemicals may be grouped into 7-methylcyclopentapyranones, 7-methyl-2-pyrindines, and 4-methylbenzofuranones. They may function as either hallucinogens or cross-react with naturally occurring social odors. 

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...

References

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Catnip: Its Raison d'�tre

Catnip (nepetalactone) is closely related chemically to certain cyclopentanoid monoterpenes recently isolated from insects, and it shares with some of these terpenes an ability to repel insects. It

EFFECT OF CERTAIN SUBSTANCES ISOLATED FROM ‘MATATABI’ ON THE EEG OF CAT

The authors examined the effects of three components of ‘Matatabi’ extract, beta‐phenylethylalcohol, actinidine and ‘Matatabi’‐lactone isolated by Sakan, Fujino, Murai et al. on cats, dogs, rabbits

New macrocyclic compounds from the secretions of the civet cat and the musk rat

The odoriferous glands of the civet cat and the musk rat contain not only the limited number of macrocyclic components described in the classical literature, such as civetone

The effect of an ethanol extract of catnip (Nepeta cataria) on the behavior of the young chick

The alcohol extract of catnip has a biphasic effect on the behavior of young chicks, and low and moderate dose levels cause increasing numbers of chicks to sleep, while high doses cause a decreasing number to sleep.

Feline Attractant, cis,trans-Nepetalactone: Metabolism in the Domestic Cat

Cis,trans-Nepetalactone, the biologically active component of catnip, was force-fed to the domestic cat and the major metabolite was α-nepetalinic acid, which was excreted in the urine together with small amounts of dihydronepetalact one, unchanged cis, trans, and several unidentified compounds.

Species-characteristic responses to catnip by undomesticated felids

It was quantitatively demonstrated that catnip responsiveness is not limited to the domestic cat, that it is notlimited to the female, and that it varies dramatically between species and age of felids.
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