Cationic Conjugated Polymer/Hyaluronan-Doxorubicin Complex for Sensitive Fluorescence Detection of Hyaluronidase and Tumor-Targeting Drug Delivery and Imaging.

Abstract

Hyaluronidase (HAase) is becoming a new type of tumor marker since it has been demonstrated to be overexpressed in various kinds of cancer cells. In this study, we described a novel fluorescence method for sensitive, rapid, and convenient HAase detection and tumor-targeting drug delivery and imaging, using a probe prepared by electrostatic assembly of a cationic conjugated polymer (CCP) and anionic hyaluronan (HA) conjugated with the anticancer drug doxorubicin (Dox). The CCP we used was poly{[9,9-bis(6'-(N,N,N-diethylmethylammonium)hexyl)-2,7-fluorenylene ethynylene]-alt-co-[2,5-bis(3'-(N,N,N-diethylmethylammonium)-1'-oxapropyl)-1,4-phenylene]} tetraiodide (PFEP). HA is a natural mucopolysaccharide that can be hydrolyzed by HAase into fragments with low molecular weights. In the PFEP/HA-Dox complex, the fluorescence of PFEP was efficiently quenched due to electron transfer from PFEP to Dox. After the PFEP/HA-Dox complex was exposed to HAase or was taken up by cancer cells through the specific binding between HA and CD44 receptor, HA was degraded by HAase to release the Dox, leading to the recovery of PFEP fluorescence to the "turn-on" state. Moreover, the degree of fluorescence recovery was quantitatively correlated with the concentrations of HAase. Compared with many previously reported methods, our work did not require laborious multiple modifications of HA that may affect the activity of HAase. This point, combined with the excellent optoelectronic property of conjugated polymer, endowed this method with high sensitivity (detection limit: 0.075 U/mL), high specificity, and rapid response, making it applicable for reliable and routine detection of HAase. This fluorescent probe was successfully utilized to detect HAase levels in human urine samples; furthermore, it can also be employed as a multifunctional system by realizing tumor-targeting drug delivery and cell imaging simultaneously. The development of this fluorescence method showed promising potential for early tumor diagnosis and therapy based on HAase detection.

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b06799

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Cite this paper

@article{Huang2015CationicCP, title={Cationic Conjugated Polymer/Hyaluronan-Doxorubicin Complex for Sensitive Fluorescence Detection of Hyaluronidase and Tumor-Targeting Drug Delivery and Imaging.}, author={Yanqin Huang and Caixia Song and Huichang Li and Rui Zhang and Rongcui Jiang and Xingfen Liu and Guangwei Zhang and Quli Fan and Lianhui Wang and Wei Huang}, journal={ACS applied materials & interfaces}, year={2015}, volume={7 38}, pages={21529-37} }