Catheter venography and endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.

  title={Catheter venography and endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.},
  author={Kenneth D Mandato and Meridith J Englander and Lawrence J Keating and Jason Vachon and Gary P. Siskin},
  journal={Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology},
  volume={15 2},
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder characterized by damage to the myelin sheath insulation of nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord affecting nerve impulses which can lead to numerous physical and cognitive disabilities. The disease, which affects over 500,000 people in the United States alone, is widely believed to be an autoimmune condition potentially triggered by an antecedant event such as a viral infection, environmental factors, a genetic defect or a combination of each. Chronic… CONTINUE READING


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Safety of outpatient diagnostic venography and endovascular treatment for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis: Experience in 240 patients

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