Catharsis, aggression, and persuasive influence: self-fulfilling or self-defeating prophecies?

@article{Bushman1999CatharsisAA,
  title={Catharsis, aggression, and persuasive influence: self-fulfilling or self-defeating prophecies?},
  author={B. Bushman and R. Baumeister and A. Stack},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={76 3},
  pages={
          367-76
        }
}
Does media endorsement for catharsis produce a self-fulfilling or a self-defeating prophecy? In Study 1, participants who read a procatharsis message (claiming that aggressive action is a good way to relax and reduce anger) subsequently expressed a greater desire to hit a punching bag than did participants who read an anticatharsis message. In Study 2, participants read the same messages and then actually did hit a punching bag. This exercise was followed by an opportunity to engage in… Expand

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