Catecholamine secretion by isolated adrenal cells.


Isolated adrenal cells were prepared by collagenase digestion of guinea pig adrenal glands. Acetylcholine stimulates the secretion of catecholamines by these isolated adrenal cells. Acetylcholine-stimulated catecholamine secretion is inhibited by cholinergic blocking agents (atropine and hexamethonium) and by local anaesthetics (tetracaine), and is dependent upon the concentration of Ca2+ in the incubation medium. In the presence of Ca2+, catecholamine secretion is also stimulated by two divalent cation ionophores, A23187 and X-537A. Cyclic nucleotides and 5'-nucleotides cause a small, non-specific stimulation of catecholamine secretion. These results indicate that isolated adrenal cells are a useful system in which to study catecholamine secretion, and support the hypothesis that increased Ca2+ entry into chromaffin cells is a sufficient stimulus for catecholamine secretion.


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@article{Hochman1976CatecholamineSB, title={Catecholamine secretion by isolated adrenal cells.}, author={Jacob Hochman and Robert L. Perlman}, journal={Biochimica et biophysica acta}, year={1976}, volume={421 1}, pages={168-75} }