Catastrophic volcanic collapse: relation to hydrothermal processes.

@article{Lopez1993CatastrophicVC,
  title={Catastrophic volcanic collapse: relation to hydrothermal processes.},
  author={Dawn L. Lopez and Stanley N. Williams},
  journal={Science},
  year={1993},
  volume={260 5115},
  pages={
          1794-6
        }
}
Catastrophic volcanic collapse, without precursory magmatic activity, is characteristic of many volcanic disasters. The extent and locations of hydrothermal discharges at Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia, suggest that at many volcanoes collapse may result from the interactions between hydrothermal fluids and the volcanic edifice. Rock dissolution and hydrothermal mineral alteration, combined with physical triggers such as earth-quakes, can produce volcanic collapse. Hot spring water… CONTINUE READING
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