Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems

  title={Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems},
  author={M. Scheffer and S. Carpenter and Jonathan A. Foley and C. Folke and B. Walker},
  • M. Scheffer, S. Carpenter, +2 authors B. Walker
  • Published 2001
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
  • Nature
  • All ecosystems are exposed to gradual changes in climate, nutrient loading, habitat fragmentation or biotic exploitation. Nature is usually assumed to respond to gradual change in a smooth way. However, studies on lakes, coral reefs, oceans, forests and arid lands have shown that smooth change can be interrupted by sudden drastic switches to a contrasting state. Although diverse events can trigger such shifts, recent studies show that a loss of resilience usually paves the way for a switch to… CONTINUE READING
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