Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis

  title={Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis},
  author={Daniel Garc{\'i}a-Castellanos and Ferran Estrada and Ivone Jim{\'e}nez‐Munt and Christian Gorini and Manel Fern{\`a}ndez and Jaume Verg{\'e}s and Raquel de Vicente},
The Mediterranean Sea became disconnected from the world’s oceans and mostly desiccated by evaporation about 5.6 million years ago during the Messinian salinity crisis. The Atlantic waters found a way through the present Gibraltar Strait and rapidly refilled the Mediterranean 5.33 million years ago in an event known as the Zanclean flood. The nature, abruptness and evolution of this flood remain poorly constrained. Borehole and seismic data show incisions over 250 m deep on both sides of the… 
The Gibraltar Corridor: Watergate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis
Dense shelf water cascading and Messinian Canyons: A new scenario for the Mediterranean salinity crisis
The salt giant beneath the deep Mediterranean seafloor is the impressive record of the “Messinian salinity crisis,” a dramatic event that occurred about 6 Ma ago following the reduction of the
A two‐step process for the reflooding of the Mediterranean after the Messinian Salinity Crisis
The Messinian Salinity Crisis is well known to have resulted from a significant drop of the Mediterranean sea level. Considering both onshore and offshore observations, the subsequent reflooding is
The Messinian Salinity Crisis: Past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences
The Messinian salinity legacy: 50 years later
AbstractThe so-called Messinian salinity crisis, which dramatically affected the Mediterranean Sea at the end of Miocene, and resulted in the accumulation of important quantities of both layered and


Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis
The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick
Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis
Using a thermomechanical model, it is shown that westward roll back of subducted Tethys oceanic lithosphere and associated asthenospheric upwelling provides a plausible mechanism for producing the shift in magma chemistry and the necessary uplift along the African and Iberian continental margins to close the Miocene marine gateways, thereby causing the Messinian salinity crisis.
The messinian salinity crisis
  • K. Hsü
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2004
Two major discoveries made by the deepsea drilling during the last decade were the discovery of the Late Miocene desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea and of the Late Miocene glacial advance of the
The Messinian Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean
  • M. Cita
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2001
Choking the Mediterranean to dehydration: The Messinian salinity crisis
  • R. Govers
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2009
Strait uplift due to isostasy played a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of a desiccated Mediterranean basin during the Late Miocene Messinian salinity crisis. New three-dimensional
The opening of the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait: assessing the size of a cataclysm
  • P. Blanc
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2002
Abstract The widespread Lago-Mare facies show that the Mediterranean was fully isolated from the World Ocean at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait