Catarrhine hallucal metatarsals from the early Miocene site of Songhor, Kenya.

@article{Patel2017CatarrhineHM,
  title={Catarrhine hallucal metatarsals from the early Miocene site of Songhor, Kenya.},
  author={Biren A. Patel and Gabriel S. Yapuncich and Cassandra Tran and Isaiah Odhiambo Nengo},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2017},
  volume={108},
  pages={
          176-198
        }
}
Wrist morphology reveals substantial locomotor diversity among early catarrhines: an analysis of capitates from the early Miocene of Tinderet (Kenya)
TLDR
One of the fossil specimens is uniquely derived among early and middle Miocene capitates, representing the earliest known instance of great ape-like wrist morphology and supporting the presence of a behaviourally advanced ape at Songhor.
Ontogeny of hallucal metatarsal rigidity and shape in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
TLDR
Different patterns of development in metatarsal diaphyseal rigidity and shape likely reflect the different ways in which the foot, and in particular the hallux, functions across ontogeny in apes and monkeys.
Evolution and function of the hominin forefoot
TLDR
A consistent and generalizable pattern in hominin pedal evolution that spans from Ardipithecus to early Homo is indicated, highlighting the mosaic nature of pedal evolution and the emergence of a derived, modern hallux relatively late in human evolution.

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