Catalytic Applications of Vanadium: A Mechanistic Perspective.

  title={Catalytic Applications of Vanadium: A Mechanistic Perspective.},
  author={Ryan R. Langeslay and David M. Kaphan and Christopher L. Marshall and Peter C. Stair and Alfred P. Sattelberger and Massimiliano Delferro},
  journal={Chemical reviews},
  volume={119 4},
The chemistry of vanadium has seen remarkable activity in the past 50 years. In the present review, reactions catalyzed by homogeneous and supported vanadium complexes from 2008 to 2018 are summarized and discussed. Particular attention is given to mechanistic and kinetics studies of vanadium-catalyzed reactions including oxidations of alkanes, alkenes, arenes, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and sulfur species, as well as oxidative C-C and C-O bond cleavage, carbon-carbon bond formation… 
Vanadium(V) Complex-Catalyzed One-Pot Synthesis of Phenanthridines via a Pictet-Spengler-Dehydrogenative Aromatization Sequence
A mild, one-pot synthesis of 6-arylphenanthridine derivatives by a sequential cascade Pictet-Spengler-dehydrogenative aromatization reaction mediated by oxovanadium(V) complexes under aerobic conditions is reported.
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Vanadium Oxide‐Nitride Composites for Catalytic Oxidative C−C Bond Cleavage of Cyclohexanol into Lactones with Dioxygen
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Vanadium-catalyzed asymmetric oxidation of alpha-hydroxy esters using molecular oxygen as stoichiometric oxidant.
A vanadium-catalyzed method for the oxidative kinetic resolution of alpha-hydroxyesters, using oxygen as the terminal oxidant, is described, which allows for the enantioselective synthesis of both aromatic and aliphatic secondary alcohols, including those containing olefins and alkynes.
DFT Studies on the Mechanism of the Vanadium-Catalyzed Deoxydehydration of Diols.
The mechanism of the vanadium-catalyzed deoxydehydration of glycols to alkenes by phosphanes has been investigated with density functional calculations and it is found that pathway B, in which the reduction by the phosphane from vanadium(V) to V(III) species occurred before the diol condensation, is energetically preferred.