Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?

  title={Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?},
  author={Jens Hainmueller and Dominik Hangartner and Giuseppe Pietrantuono},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={256 - 276}
We study the impact of naturalization on the long-term social integration of immigrants into the host country society. Despite ongoing debates about citizenship policy, we lack reliable evidence that isolates the causal effect of naturalization from the nonrandom selection into naturalization. We exploit the quasi-random assignment of citizenship in Swiss municipalities that used referendums to decide on naturalization applications of immigrants. Comparing otherwise similar immigrants who… 

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