Catalan Numbers Modulo 2 k

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a systematic tool to calculate the congruences of some combinatorial numbers involving n!. Using this tool, we re-prove Kummer’s and Lucas’ theorems in a unique concept, and classify the congruences of the Catalan numbers cn (mod 64). To achieve the second goal, cn (mod 8) and cn (mod 16) are also classified. Through the approach… (More)

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