Cassius Dio's figures for the demographic consequences of the Bar Kokhba War: Exaggeration or reliable account?

  title={Cassius Dio's figures for the demographic consequences of the Bar Kokhba War: Exaggeration or reliable account?},
  author={Dvir Raviv and Chaim Ben David},
  journal={Journal of Roman Archaeology},
Scholars have long doubted the historical accuracy of Cassius Dio's account of the consequences of the Bar Kokhba War (Roman History 69.14). According to this text, considered the most reliable literary source for the Second Jewish Revolt, the war encompassed all of Judea: the Romans destroyed 985 villages and 50 fortresses, and killed 580,000 rebels. This article reassesses Cassius Dio's figures by drawing on new evidence from excavations and surveys in Judea, Transjordan, and the Galilee… 



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