Cassini Encounters Enceladus: Background and the Discovery of a South Polar Hot Spot

@article{Spencer2006CassiniEE,
  title={Cassini Encounters Enceladus: Background and the Discovery of a South Polar Hot Spot},
  author={John R. Spencer and John Christopher Pearl and Marcia Segura and F. Michael Flasar and Andrei Mamoutkine and Paul N. Romani and Bonnie J. Buratti and Amanda R. Hendrix and Linda J. Spilker and R. M. C. Lopes},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={311},
  pages={1401 - 1405}
}
The Cassini spacecraft completed three close flybys of Saturn's enigmatic moon Enceladus between February and July 2005. On the third and closest flyby, on 14 July 2005, multiple Cassini instruments detected evidence for ongoing endogenic activity in a region centered on Enceladus' south pole. The polar region is the source of a plume of gas and dust, which probably emanates from prominent warm troughs seen on the surface. Cassini's Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) detected 3 to 7… 
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Cassini Observes the Active South Pole of Enceladus
TLDR
The shape of Enceladus suggests a possible intense heating epoch in the past by capture into a 1:4 secondary spin/orbit resonance.
Cassini Dust Measurements at Enceladus and Implications for the Origin of the E Ring
TLDR
During Cassini's close flyby of Enceladus on 14 July 2005, the High Rate Detector of the Cosmic Dust Analyzer registered micron-sized dust particles enveloping this satellite; this asymmetric signature is consistent with a locally enhanced dust production in the south polar region of Encesladus.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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