Casimir Effect : Theory and Experiments

  title={Casimir Effect : Theory and Experiments},
  author={Astrid Lambrecht and Serge Reynaud},
  journal={International Journal of Modern Physics A},
The Casimir effect is a crucial prediction of Quantum Field Theory which has fascinating connections with open questions in fundamental physics. The ideal formula written by Casimir does not describe real experiments and it has to be generalized by taking into account the effects of imperfect reflection, thermal fluctuations, geometry as well as the corrections coming from surface physics. We discuss these developments in Casimir physics and give the current status in the comparison between… 

Casimir cosmology

  • U. Leonhardt
  • Physics
    International Journal of Modern Physics A
  • 2022
In 1998, astronomers discovered that the expansion of the universe is accelerating. Somehow, something must have made gravity repulsive on cosmological scales. This something was called dark energy;

Algebraic Approach to Casimir Force Between Two $$\delta $$-like Potentials

We analyse the Casimir effect of two nonsingular centers of interaction in three space dimensions, using the framework developed by Herdegen. Our model is mathematically well-defined and all physical

Quantum Vacuum Energy and the Emergence of Gravity An Essay

Building on the work of others a novel idea is put forward regarding the possible mechanism of gravity as involving energy coupling down the energy gradient of a massive body. Free fall

Fifty Years of the Dynamical Casimir Effect

This is a digest of the main achievements in the wide area, called the Dynamical Casimir Effect nowadays, for the past 50 years, with the emphasis on results obtained after 2010.

Analysis and simulation of the operation of a Kelvin probe

Experiments that measure extremely small gravitational forces are often hampered by the presence of non-gravitational forces that can neither be calculated nor separately measured. Among these

Graphene cantilever under Casimir force

The stability of graphene cantilever under Casimir attraction to an underlying conductor is investigated. The dependence of the instability threshold on temperature and flexural rigidity is obtained.

A pr 2 02 1 A note on “ Algebraic approach to Casimir force between two δ-like potentials ” (

We comment on the recent work [1], and on its relations with our papers [2, 3] cited therein. In particular we show that, contrarily to what stated in [1], the Casimir energy density determined

General study of chameleon fifth force in gravity space experiments

This article investigates the profile of the scalar field of a scalar-tensor theory subject to the chameleon mechanism in the context of gravity space missions like the MICROSCOPE experiment. It



Thermal corrections to the Casimir effect

The Casimir effect, reflecting quantum vacuum fluctuations in the electromagnetic field in a region with material boundaries, has been studied both theoretically and experimentally since 1948. The

Experiment and theory in the Casimir effect

Casimir effect is the attractive force which acts between two plane parallel, closely spaced, uncharged, metallic plates in vacuum. This phenomenon was predicted theoretically in 1948 and reliably

The Casimir force between real materials: Experiment and theory

The physical origin of the Casimir force is connected with the existence of zero-point and thermal fluctuations. The Casimir effect is very general and finds applications in various fields of

Quantum dissipative Brownian motion and the Casimir effect.

An analogy between the thermodynamics of a free dissipative quantum particle in one dimension and that of an electromagnetic field between two mirrors of finite conductivity is explored, finding that under appropriate circumstances the entropy can be a nonmonotonic function of the temperature.

Thermal Casimir effect in the plane-sphere geometry.

The plane-sphere geometry, in which current experiments are performed, decreases the thermal Casimir force between two metallic plates to a factor of 3/2, as revealed by exact numerical and large-distance analytical calculations.

Temperature dependence of the Casimir effect between metallic mirrors

We calculate the Casimir force and free energy for plane metallic mirrors at nonzero temperature. Numerical evaluations are given with temperature and conductivity effects treated simultaneously. The