Case reports of malformations associated with maternal diabetes: history and critique.

@article{Kalter1993CaseRO,
  title={Case reports of malformations associated with maternal diabetes: history and critique.},
  author={Harold Kalter},
  journal={Clinical genetics},
  year={1993},
  volume={43 4},
  pages={174-9}
}
Several malformations and malformation complexes have been alleged to be associated with maternal type 1 diabetes mellitus: in particular, sacral dysplasia, caudal regression/sirenomelia, femoral dysplasia, and holoprosencephaly. For some of the malformations the claim rests on case material, and for others on theoretical considerations. The history and evolution of these ideas are presented. 

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