Case-Finding Effectiveness of Partner Notification and Cluster Investigation for Sexually Transmitted Diseases/HIV

@article{Brewer2005CaseFindingEO,
  title={Case-Finding Effectiveness of Partner Notification and Cluster Investigation for Sexually Transmitted Diseases/HIV},
  author={D. Brewer},
  journal={Sexually Transmitted Diseases},
  year={2005},
  volume={32},
  pages={78-83}
}
  • D. Brewer
  • Published 2005
  • Medicine
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Objective: To assess the case-finding effectiveness of partner notification(PN) and cluster investigation for sexually transmitted disease (STD)/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Study: Literature review and quantitative summary. Results: Since 1975, the median case-finding yield for syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia PN reported in the literature is about 1 new case found for every 4 or 5 cases interviewed. The yield from HIV PN is approximately half as large, although there is substantial… Expand
[Partner notification in sexually transmitted infections. A neglected activity?].
OBJECTIVES To undertake a critical literature review of published evidence on the effectiveness of contact tracing in sexually transmitted infections, mechanisms of referral, and the criteria forExpand
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Contact tracing could complement client-initiated VCT or door-to-door PIT in a large number of sub-Saharan populations affected by generalized epidemics of varying magnitudes. Expand
Current practices of partner notification among MSM with HIV, gonorrhoea and syphilis in the Netherlands: an urgent need for improvement
TLDR
Partner notification among MSM in the Netherlands is suboptimal; an extensive number of STI/HIV infections remained undetected mainly due to unnotifiable partners. Expand
Integrating HIV testing into syphilis partner services in Mississippi to improve HIV case finding.
TLDR
Syphilis PS allowed MSDH to interact with 1592 MSM over a 30-month period and was effective for identifying people newly infected with early syphilis and HIV. Expand
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TLDR
A time study of partner services case investigations documented differences in times to process HIV/sexually transmitted disease cases, suggesting public health agencies must identify efficient methods to allocate resources, including which infections to prioritize. Expand
Perspective on Providing Partner Notification Services for HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
TLDR
Two recent partner notification trials provide strong evidence that HIV PN is feasible, acceptable to Africans, safe, probably cost-effective, and, above all, capable of producing high proportions of newly identified HIV-infected partners. Expand
A Review of Partner Notification for Sex Partners of Men Infected With Chlamydia
TLDR
Higher rates of notification and treatment were associated with various enhancements to basic referral instructions, especially if patients were offered medications to bring to partners, and data suggest a role for contact slips. Expand
Partner notification for sexually transmitted infections in the modern world: a practitioner perspective on challenges and opportunities
TLDR
A practitioner perspective on approaches to partner notification (PN)—some old, some new—which may improve the control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, in a variety of settings is provided. Expand
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TLDR
Assisted partner notification improved partner testing and diagnosis of HIV-positive partners, with few reports of harm, and the WHO strongly recommends voluntary assisted HIV partner notification services to be offered as part of a comprehensive package of testing and care. Expand
The usefulness of HIV partner services in the age of treatment as prevention: a registry-based study.
TLDR
People with HIV should receive ongoing HIV prevention counselling and partner services data should inform engagement in care for previously diagnosed partners, and covariates of care and viral load status and their marginal effects should be considered. Expand
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TLDR
There is a need for evaluations of interventions combining provider training and patient education, for evaluations conducted in developing countries, and for the measurement of potential harmful effects of sexually transmitted disease partner-notification strategies. Expand
Partner notification in the United States: an evidence-based review.
TLDR
There is good evidence that partner notification is a means of newly detecting infections and there is fair evidence that provider referral generally ensures that more partners are notified and medically evaluated than does self referral. Expand
Efficacy of partner notification for HIV infection
TLDR
In a country where general HIV prevalence is low, the strategy is cost-effective for location and counselling of unknowingly seropositive individuals and should be viewed as a strategy to offer counselling and testing to a high-prevalence group of people. Expand
HIV Partner Notification in the United States: A National Survey of Program Coverage and Outcomes
TLDR
HIV PN programs identify new cases of HIV but have variable success and affect a minority of persons reported with HIV. Expand
Partner Referral by Patients With Gonorrhea and Chlamydial Infection: Case‐Finding Observations
TLDR
The partner referral method was successful among certain populations but was inadequate for other groups, suggesting a mixed effort of provider referral in addition to partner referral may be appropriate to increase the efficacy of partner notification. Expand
The role and effectiveness of partner notification in STD control: a review.
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  • G. R. West, K. Stark
  • Medicine
  • AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 1997
TLDR
Means for enhancing partner notification are reviewed, including social network interventions, coupling partner notification with behavioral interventions, reaching persons earlier in their HIV infection, using data collected from partner notification as a source of program evaluation information, and addressing important community concerns about partner notification. Expand
HIV partner notification: taking a new look
TLDR
There is increasing evidence to support an expanded role for STD partner notification among core groups, and for disease outbreak control in the wider community. Expand
Partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases: an overview of the evidence.
TLDR
Only limited, broad conclusions regarding the effectiveness of various partner notification approaches could be drawn from these comparative studies. Expand
Partner Notification for HIV and STD in the United States:: Low Coverage for Gonorrhea, Chlamydial Infection, and HIV
TLDR
Except for patients with syphilis, public health PN services affect only a minority of persons with STD or HIV infection in high-morbidity areas of the United States. Expand
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