Cartilage canals in the chicken embryo: ultrastructure and function

  title={Cartilage canals in the chicken embryo: ultrastructure and function},
  author={Michael J. F. Blumer and H. -W. Fritsch and Kristian Pfaller and Eliot Brenner},
  journal={Anatomy and Embryology},
In this study the detailed morphology and the function of cartilage canals in the chicken femur are investigated. Several embryonic stages (e 13.5, 16, 19, and 20) are examined by means of light microscopy, electron microscopy (TEM), and immunohistochemistry (VEGF, type I and II collagen). Our results show that cartilage canals originate from the perichondrium and form a complex pattern. Two types of canals are distinguishable: shell canals and communicating canals. Shell canals are in the… CONTINUE READING
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