Cartilage Stiffness Effect on Foot Biomechanics of Chinese Bound Foot: A Finite Element Analysis

  title={Cartilage Stiffness Effect on Foot Biomechanics of Chinese Bound Foot: A Finite Element Analysis},
  author={Yan Zhang and Jan Awrejcewicz and Julien Steven Baker and Yaodong Gu},
  journal={Frontiers in Physiology},
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of cartilage stiffness on inner foot biomechanics of Chinese bound foot while balanced standing using finite element method. A three-dimensional FE model of bound foot involving 28 bones, 72 ligaments, 5 plantar fascia, cartilages, and encapsulated soft tissue was constructed and validated. To conduct the sensitivity analysis of cartilage stiffness, the incremental Young’s modulus of 1, 5, 10, and 15 MPa were assigned to the cartilage. 25… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Effect of Displacement Degree of Distal Chevron Osteotomy on Metatarsal Stress: A Finite Element Method
The finite element method was used to explore the effect of distal chevron osteotomy displacement on metatarsal stress and metatarsophalangeal joint load, and the most suitable distance was obtained.
A Biomechanical Analysis of Lower Limb Movement on the Backcourt Forehand Clear Stroke among Badminton Players of Different Levels
The work suggests that when designing professionalbadminton sports shoes, the designers should focus on strengthening footwear resistance in the metatarsal and forefoot area to meet the requirement of the movement demand and take the badminton movement characteristics in different regions of the design.
Reconstructing the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint of Homo naledi
The presented method for the reconstruction of the damaged foot bone paves the way for morphological and structural analysis of modern population and fossil hominins' gait pattern.
New Insights for the Design of Bionic Robots: Adaptive Motion Adjustment Strategies During Feline Landings
Felines have significant advantages in terms of sports energy efficiency and flexibility compared with other animals, especially in terms of jumping and landing. The biomechanical characteristics of


Effects of Ankle Arthrodesis on Biomechanical Performance of the Entire Foot
Three-dimensional finite element analyses of the foot and ankle revealed variations in plantar pressure distribution, joint contact pressure and forces, von Mises stress on bone and foot deformation, indicating that arthritis at this joint was not necessarily a consequence of ankle arthrodesis but rather a progression of pre-existing degenerative changes.
The stiffness of normal articular cartilage and the predominant acting stress levels: implications for the aetiology of osteoarthrosis.
A direct relationship found between the stiffness of normal articular cartilage and the predominant level of stress to which the cartilage was subjected, suggests a process of cartilage adaptation to stress.
Biomechanical analysis of foot with different foot arch heights: a finite element analysis
The finite element (FE) method found that both the stress and strain on the plantar fascia and metatarsal were higher in the high-arched foot, whereas the pressure on the calcaneous, navicular and cuboid was higher in low-arches foot.
Functional Adaptation of the Calcaneus in Historical Foot Binding
It is found that the trabecular microarchitecture of the normal heel bone, but not of the bound foot, adapts to function by increased anisotropy and preferred orientation oftrabeculae, suggesting that the anisotropic cancellous bone texture is an acquired characteristic that reflects recurrent loading conditions; conversely, an inadequate biomechanical input precludes the formation of anisotrop texture.