Carrington Events

  title={Carrington Events},
  author={Hugh S. Hudson},
  journal={Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  • H. Hudson
  • Published 25 June 2021
  • Physics, Geology
  • Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics
The Carrington event in 1859, a solar flare with an associated geomagnetic storm, has served as a prototype of possible superflare occurrence on the Sun. Recent geophysical (14C signatures in tree rings) and precise time-series photometry [the bolometric total solar irradiance (TSI) for the Sun, and the broadband photometry from Kepler and Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, for the stars] have broadened our perspective on extreme events and the threats that they pose for Earth and for Earth… 

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