Carrier and Bit Synchronization in Data Communication - A Tutorial Review


Absrmcr-This paper examines the problems of carrier phase estimation and symbol timing estimation for carrier-type synchronous digital data signals, with tutorial objectives foremost. Carrier phase recovery for suppressed-carrier versions of double sideband (DSB), vestigial sideband (VSB), and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signal formats is… (More)


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