[Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: an unusual cause of exophthalmia. Report of three cases].

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Exophthalmia can be associated with several disorders. Although unusual, a carotid-cavernous fistula should be ruled out systematically as it may be associated with severe complications. CASE REPORTS We report three cases associated with both types of carotid-cavernous fistula that highlight the clinical presentation and diagnostic process. CONCLUSION A carotid-cavernous fistula should be systematically ruled out in patients with a uni- or bilateral exophthalmia. Careful examination with auscultation of the ocular globe contributes greatly to the diagnosis that may be confirmed by MRI or arteriography.

DOI: 10.1016/j.revmed.2012.05.001

Cite this paper

@article{Grados2012CarotidcavernousSF, title={[Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: an unusual cause of exophthalmia. Report of three cases].}, author={Aur{\'e}lie Grados and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Matonti and Georges D. Maalouly and Marcin Lipski and R Nemnoum-Raad and Estelle Jean and Emmanuelle Bernit and Mikael Ebbo and Sandrine Marciano and Christophe Chagnaud and J R Harl{\'e} and Helena Brunel and Adrien Kettaneh and Nicolas Schleinitz}, journal={La Revue de medecine interne}, year={2012}, volume={33 7}, pages={396-400} }