Carotid-cavernous fistula mimicking Graves' eye disease.

@article{Oestreicher1995CarotidcavernousFM,
  title={Carotid-cavernous fistula mimicking Graves' eye disease.},
  author={James H. Oestreicher and Bartley R. Frueh},
  journal={Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={1995},
  volume={11 4},
  pages={
          238-44
        }
}
We encountered two patients referred for treatment of Graves' eye disease who had atypical features and were found to have carotid-cavernous fistulae. The relevant clinical findings and investigations used to make this important distinction are described, and the factors involved in the initial diagnostic confusion are analyzed. A correct diagnosis leading to proper treatment was made once atypical features were taken note of and alternative diagnoses considered, despite the context of presumed… CONTINUE READING

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Carotid Cavernous Fistula: Ophthalmological Implications

  • Middle East African journal of ophthalmology
  • 2009
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