Carotid artery intimal-medial thickness: indicator of atherosclerotic burden and response to risk factor modification.

Abstract

BACKGROUND A number of studies have used B-mode ultrasound to measure carotid intimal-medial thickness as an indicator of the severity of carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS We reviewed the available data on carotid intimal-medial thickness in defining severity of atherosclerosis, with the use of high-quality studies that addressed clinical end points. RESULTS Data from multiple studies demonstrate a high degree of reproducibility in measurements of intimal-medial thickness. A number of agents that include 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and insulin sensitizers reduce carotid intimal-medial thickness and cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. CONCLUSIONS In this review article, various methods of measuring carotid intimal-medial thickness are examined and critiqued. In addition, the effects of various lifestyle modifications and therapeutic agents on intimal-medial thickness and cardiovascular end points are evaluated.

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@article{Mukherjee2002CarotidAI, title={Carotid artery intimal-medial thickness: indicator of atherosclerotic burden and response to risk factor modification.}, author={Debabrata P Mukherjee and Jay S. Yadav}, journal={American heart journal}, year={2002}, volume={144 5}, pages={753-9} }