Carotenoids: biochemistry, pharmacology and treatment.

  title={Carotenoids: biochemistry, pharmacology and treatment.},
  author={Alireza Milani and Marzieh Basirnejad and Sepideh Shahbazi and Azam Bolhassani},
  journal={British journal of pharmacology},
  volume={174 11},
Carotenoids and retinoids have several similar biological activities such as antioxidant properties, the inhibition of malignant tumour growth and the induction of apoptosis. Supplementation with carotenoids can affect cell growth and modulate gene expression and immune responses. Epidemiological studies have shown a correlation between a high carotenoid intake in the diet with a reduced risk of breast, cervical, ovarian, colorectal cancers, and cardiovascular and eye diseases. Cancer… CONTINUE READING
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