Caroline Hampton Halsted and the origin of surgical gloves

@article{Lee2019CarolineHH,
  title={Caroline Hampton Halsted and the origin of surgical gloves},
  author={Kevin Paul Lee},
  journal={Journal of Medical Biography},
  year={2019},
  volume={28},
  pages={64 - 66}
}
  • K. Lee
  • Published 17 November 2019
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Medical Biography
The first rudimentary medical gloves were made in 1758 from the cecum of a sheep. The gloves were used by a German physician, Johann Walbaum, for gynecological examinations and deliveries. Clumsy rubber gloves were worn by pathologists for post-mortem examinations in the 1840s. The gloves were thick and difficult to work with. Then in 1844, Charles Goodyear revolutionized the rubber industry by discovering the vulcanization process for rubber. This process allowed rubber to withstand… 

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Surgeons and obstetricians, over the centuries, were only too aware that accidental open injuries during their work, especially in a septic case, could lead to an infected wound, a fulminating
Rubber Gloves Redux
In 2010, I wrote an article for the Proceedings entitled “Caroline Hampton Halsted: the first to use rubber gloves in the operating room.” Since then, some additional information has come to light.
Caroline Hampton Halsted: The First to Use Rubber Gloves in the Operating Room
TLDR
Caroline Hampton was the niece of Confederate General Wade Hampton III, who was later governor of South Carolina and a US senator, and was appointed chief nurse of the operating room by the famous surgeon Dr. William Halsted, soon to become the first surgeon in chief when Johns Hopkins Hospital opened.
Dr. Halsted at Hopkins and at High Hampton
TLDR
He was named surgeon in chief to The Johns Hopkins dispensary and acting surgeon at the hospital for 1 year and finally professor of surgery in 1892, and it is amazing and somewhat miraculous that he was able to continue as the chief of surgery at Hopkins for 30 more years until his death in 1922.
LIGATURE AND SUTURE MATERIAL: THE EMPLOYMENT OF FINE SILK IN PREFERENCE TO CATGUT AND THE ADVANTAGES OF TRANSFIXION OF TISSUES AND VESSELS IN CONTROL OF HEMORRHAGE ALSO AN ACCOUNT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF GLOVES, GUTTA-PERCHA TISSUE AND SILVER FOIL
For a number of years I have had it in mind to call attention to the particular method of employing silk ligatures and sutures which has been practiced in the surgical clinic of the Johns Hopkins
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TLDR
Caroline Hampton and Dr. William Stewart Halsted, who became one of the world's greatest surgeons, were married on 4 June 1890 at Trinity Episcopal Church in Columbia, South Carolina.
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