Carnosine: physiological properties and therapeutic potential.

  title={Carnosine: physiological properties and therapeutic potential.},
  author={S E Gariballa and A J Sinclair},
  journal={Age and ageing},
  volume={29 3},
Carnosine and related dipeptides are naturally-occurring histidine-containing compounds. They are found in several tissues, particularly in skeletal muscle. Since carnosine was discovered in Russia in 1900, there have been many theories about its biological functions, but none has been proved beyond reasonable doubt [1, 2]. However, this compound is reported to possess antioxidant, buffering, immune-enhancing and neurotransmitter actions. The aim of this review is to discuss carnosine’s… 

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