Carnivores

@article{Valkenburgh2010Carnivores,
  title={Carnivores},
  author={B. Valkenburgh and R. Wayne},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2010},
  volume={20},
  pages={R915-R919}
}
cutting teeth on either side of their jaw known as carnassials (Figure 1). These two teeth, the upper fourth premolar and first lower molar, bear blades that come together in a scissor-like fashion to cut tough skin, tendon, and flesh. Behind them in the tooth row are more blunt-cusped molars that function in grinding plant matter and crushing bones. By contrast, mesonychids and creodonts had two and three pairs of scissor-like teeth, respectively, positioned at the end of their tooth row with… Expand
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Hyaenidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) from late Miocene and Pliocene of Çalta (Ankara, Turkey)
The two vertebrate localities of Çalta are located about 50 km northwest of Ankara in Central Anatolia. Çalta-1 has yielded a rich early Pliocene fauna that was the subject of an exhaustive study inExpand
Genomic insights into body size evolution in Carnivora support Peto’s paradox
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A comparative genomics analysis of 20 carnivores suggested that large carnivores might have evolved an effective mechanism to resist cancer, which could be regarded as molecular evidence to support Peto’s paradox. Expand
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Hierarchy in adaptive radiation: A case study using the Carnivora (Mammalia)
  • G. Slater, A. Friscia
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2019
TLDR
Evaluating the support for an early burst model of adaptive radiation in 14 ecomorphological traits plus body mass for the extant mammalian order Carnivora and its constituent families finds strong support for early bursts of dental evolution, suggesting a classic Simpsonian adaptive radiation along dietary resource axes. Expand
The evolution of the human trophic level during the Pleistocene.
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Dietary specialization is linked to reduced species durations in North American fossil canids
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A nonlinear relationship between species duration and degree of carnivory is found: species at either end of the carnivory spectrum tend to have shorter durations than mesocarnivores, and locality coverage shows no relationship with size, diet or duration. Expand
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It is shown, by reviewing the most common live prey in carnivore diets, that there is a striking transition from feeding on small prey to large prey (near predator mass), occurring at predator masses of 21.5–25 kg, and the predicted maximum mass that an invertebrate diet can sustain is predicted. Expand
The Ecological Role of the Mammalian Mesocarnivore
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Examples where mesocarnivores drive community structure and function in roles similar to, or altogether different from, their larger brethren substantiate the need for an assessment of the ecological role of mammalian carnivores beyond an examination of only the largest species. Expand
Pattern and timing of diversification of the mammalian order Carnivora inferred from multiple nuclear gene sequences.
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This study investigated the phylogenetic relationships among carnivoran families, and performed molecular dating analyses of the inferred nodes, leading to consistent and robust resolution of all supra-familial nodes in the carnivoran tree. Expand
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