author={B. Valkenburgh and R. Wayne},
  journal={Current Biology},
cutting teeth on either side of their jaw known as carnassials (Figure 1). These two teeth, the upper fourth premolar and first lower molar, bear blades that come together in a scissor-like fashion to cut tough skin, tendon, and flesh. Behind them in the tooth row are more blunt-cusped molars that function in grinding plant matter and crushing bones. By contrast, mesonychids and creodonts had two and three pairs of scissor-like teeth, respectively, positioned at the end of their tooth row with… Expand
Bite of the cats: relationships between functional integration and mechanical performance as revealed by mandible geometry.
There is significant correlation between integration at the clade level and per-clade averaged stress values, on both original data and by partialling out interclade allometry from shapes when calculating integration, which suggests a strong interaction between natural selection and the evolution of developmental and functional modules at theClade level. Expand
Hyaenidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) from late Miocene and Pliocene of Çalta (Ankara, Turkey)
The two vertebrate localities of Çalta are located about 50 km northwest of Ankara in Central Anatolia. Çalta-1 has yielded a rich early Pliocene fauna that was the subject of an exhaustive study inExpand
Genomic insights into body size evolution in Carnivora support Peto’s paradox
A comparative genomics analysis of 20 carnivores suggested that large carnivores might have evolved an effective mechanism to resist cancer, which could be regarded as molecular evidence to support Peto’s paradox. Expand
Caracal caracal (Carnivora: Felidae)
The caracal is a slender, medium-sized cat characterized by a short tail and long ear tufts and is found throughout Africa, north to the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, central and southwest Asia into India; its habitat includes arid woodlands, savanna, scrublands, hilly steppes, and arid mountainous regions. Expand
Insectivory by Five Sympatric Carnivores in Cool-Temperate Deciduous Forests
Study of insectivory by five carnivores in a cool-temperate deciduous forest in Japan found that insects in feces may provide information on the dietary and habitat preferences of these carnivores. Expand
First chromosome characterization in the large indian civet, Viverra zibetha (Carnivora, Viverridae) in Thailand by conventional staining and GTG-banded technique
The karyotype of large Indian civet show that diploid chromosome number was 2n=38, and the fundamental number were 72 in female and 71 in male, and it was found that chromosome pairs 13 was the satellite marker chromosome that have secondary constriction on long length arm. Expand
Resolving the relationships of Paleocene placental mammals
The largest cladistic analysis of Paleocene placentals to date is presented, from a data matrix including 177 taxa (130 of which are Palaeogene) and 680 morphological characters, and supports an Atlantogenata–Boreoeutheria split at the root of crown Placentalia, the presence of phenacodontids as closest relatives of Perissodactyla, and the validity of Euungulata. Expand
Hierarchy in adaptive radiation: A case study using the Carnivora (Mammalia)
  • G. Slater, A. Friscia
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2019
Evaluating the support for an early burst model of adaptive radiation in 14 ecomorphological traits plus body mass for the extant mammalian order Carnivora and its constituent families finds strong support for early bursts of dental evolution, suggesting a classic Simpsonian adaptive radiation along dietary resource axes. Expand
The evolution of the human trophic level during the Pleistocene.
It is concluded that it is possible to reach a credible reconstruction of the HTL without relying on a simple analogy with recent hunter-gatherers' diets, and the memory of an adaptation to a trophic level that is embedded in modern humans' biology is a fruitful line of investigation of past HTLs. Expand
Dietary specialization is linked to reduced species durations in North American fossil canids
A nonlinear relationship between species duration and degree of carnivory is found: species at either end of the carnivory spectrum tend to have shorter durations than mesocarnivores, and locality coverage shows no relationship with size, diet or duration. Expand


Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores
It is shown, by reviewing the most common live prey in carnivore diets, that there is a striking transition from feeding on small prey to large prey (near predator mass), occurring at predator masses of 21.5–25 kg, and the predicted maximum mass that an invertebrate diet can sustain is predicted. Expand
The Ecological Role of the Mammalian Mesocarnivore
Examples where mesocarnivores drive community structure and function in roles similar to, or altogether different from, their larger brethren substantiate the need for an assessment of the ecological role of mammalian carnivores beyond an examination of only the largest species. Expand
Pattern and timing of diversification of the mammalian order Carnivora inferred from multiple nuclear gene sequences.
This study investigated the phylogenetic relationships among carnivoran families, and performed molecular dating analyses of the inferred nodes, leading to consistent and robust resolution of all supra-familial nodes in the carnivoran tree. Expand
Causes and consequences of marine mammal population declines in southwest Alaska: a food-web perspective
Populations of sea otters, seals and sea lions have collapsed across much of southwest Alaska over the past several decades. The sea otter decline set off a trophic cascade in which the coastalExpand
Molecular and Evolutionary History of Melanism in North American Gray Wolves
It is shown that the melanistic K locus mutation in North American wolves derives from past hybridization with domestic dogs, has risen to high frequency in forested habitats, and exhibits a molecular signature of positive selection. Expand
Large predators and trophic cascades in terrestrial ecosystems of the western United States
Large predators potentially can help shape the structure and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems, yet strong evidence of top-down herbivore limitation has not been widely reported in the scientificExpand
A Simple Genetic Architecture Underlies Morphological Variation in Dogs
The largest genetic study to date of morphology in domestic dogs identifies genes controlling nearly 100 morphological traits and identifies important trends in phenotypic variation within thisExpand
Causes and consequences of marine mammal population declines in southwest Alaska : a foodweb perspective
  • Phil . Trans . Roy . Soc . B
  • 2009
Déjà vu : evolution of feeding adaptations in carnivorans
  • Integrative and Comp . Biol .
  • 2008
Déjà vu: evolution of feeding adaptations in carnivorans
  • Integrative and Comp. Biol
  • 2008