Carnitine in bacterial physiology and metabolism.

  title={Carnitine in bacterial physiology and metabolism.},
  author={Jamie A. Meadows and Matthew J Wargo},
  volume={161 6},
Carnitine is a quaternary amine compound found at high concentration in animal tissues, particularly muscle, and is most well studied for its contribution to fatty acid transport into mitochondria. In bacteria, carnitine is an important osmoprotectant, and can also enhance thermotolerance, cryotolerance and barotolerance. Carnitine can be transported into the cell or acquired from metabolic precursors, where it can serve directly as a compatible solute for stress protection or be metabolized… CONTINUE READING
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