Carnitine acetyltransferase. Effect of malonyl-CoA, fasting and clofibrate feeding in mitochondria from different tissues.

Abstract

Malonyl-CoA sensitivity of carnitine acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.7) activities in isolated intact mitochondria from rat liver, heart and white and brown adipose tissue, and rabbit liver and heart were studied with a radioisotopic assay using [3H]acetyl-CoA. Malonyl-CoA inhibited [3H]acetylcarnitine formation in intact rat liver mitochondria (overt activity), while acetyltransferase in heart and white and brown adipose tissue were malonyl-CoA-insensitive. Acetyltransferase from rabbit liver and heart was only weakly inhibited by malonyl-CoA. Acetyltransferase in intact rat liver peroxisomes was malonyl-CoA-insensitive. Lysis of the mitochondria with (+)palmitoylcarnitine increased acetyltransferase activities (total activity) in all mitochondria studied and abolished malonyl-CoA-sensitivity, showing the necessity of intact mitochondrial membranes for malonyl-CoA-sensitivity. A differential increase in overt and total mitochondrial carnitine acetyltransferase was observed in rat liver upon fasting and clofibrate feeding. Fasting increased overt activity more than total activity and diminished malonyl-CoA-sensitivity. Clofibrate increased mainly total activity and also reduced malonyl-CoA-sensitivity. A similar pattern of increased activities was observed with palmitoyl-CoA and octanoyl-CoA as substrates.

Cite this paper

@article{Lund1983CarnitineAE, title={Carnitine acetyltransferase. Effect of malonyl-CoA, fasting and clofibrate feeding in mitochondria from different tissues.}, author={Hege Lund and Johan Bremer}, journal={Biochimica et biophysica acta}, year={1983}, volume={750 1}, pages={164-70} }