Carnegiea gigantea: The saguaro and its uses

  title={Carnegiea gigantea: The saguaro and its uses},
  author={Jan G. Bruhn},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  • J. Bruhn
  • Published 1 July 1971
  • Biology
  • Economic Botany
The saguaro,Carnegiea gigantea, is a tall cactus native to the desert area of southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. It has been used for centuries among the Indians of the region as a source of food and drink, as well as for a wide variety of other purposes. The cactus has taken a great place in the life of the Indians, most notably the Papago, who still collect the fruit and make a wine for ceremonial purposes from it. Several botanical, ethnobotanical and phytochemical studies have… 
BLOSSOMING TREASURES OF BIODIVERSITY 44. Saguaro – threatened monarch of the desert
The Saguaro (occasionally spelled Sahuaro and Suwaro, and also called Giant Cactus and Saguaro Cactus) is a spectacular plant, the largest cactus in the United States, and probably the most
The keystone saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea, Cactaceae): a review of its ecology, associations, reproduction, limits, and demographics
This paper reviews the basics of a Sonoran Desert keystone cactus species, including the ecology of its establishment and high mortality, its association with nurse plants to provide ameliorated
Alkaloids and ethnobotany of Mexican peyote cacti and related species
Some Mexican cacti of the genera Ariocarpus, Mammillaria, Obregonia, Pelecyphora, Solisia and Turbinicarpus have been studied with respect to their alkaloids and ethnobotany and N,N-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenethylamine was found to occur in Ariocaruides.
A decade of flowering phenology of the keystone saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea).
It was found that larger cacti began flowering earlier, flowered for longer, and produced more flowers, while warmer temperatures were correlated with advanced onset and higher bloom yields, while increased precipitation appeared to delay onset and reduce bloom yields.
Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: A flora in southwestern Arizona. Part 7. Eudicots: Cactaceae – Cactus Family
Cylindropuntia, with 12 present-day taxa, is the most diverse cactus genus in the flora area as well as the Sonoran Desert, and a discussion of convergent evolution of water-conserving adaptations in Peniocereus striatus and an African Euphorbia is included.
Succulent plant diversity as natural capital
  • O. Grace
  • Environmental Science
  • 2019
This review aims to summarize the state of current knowledge of xeromorphic succulent plants as a re‐ source, draw attention to conservation concerns, and examine the potential for their unique traits to be harnessed in a climate change‐resilient world.
Mapping saguaro cacti using digital aerial imagery in Saguaro National Park
Abstract. Population research on the saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea) has historically been limited to repeat monitoring efforts in small plots with areas of 1 to 4 hectares. Large extent saguaro
Undervalued potential of crassulacean acid metabolism for current and future agricultural production
A review of the agricultural value of plants that use crassulacean acid metabolism, spanning traditional knowledge and uses, recent genomic discoveries, physiological adaptations, and known


Two new alkaloids in cacti.
Guayusa, a neglected stimulant from the eastern andean foothills
The Jivaro Indians were, according to Juan Lorenzo Lucero, well disposed people of good physical appearance and accustomed to drink a decoction of an herb called ~uayusa, similar to laurel, several times daily, to maintain themselves at their best.
The Seri Indians
Professor McGee's memoir upon "The Seri Indians" is furnished with a new topographic map, a detailed description of the country and of its fauna and flora, as well as a succinct account of the arts and social institutions of the natives.
A chemurgic survey of the desert flora in the American Southwest
While commercial utilization of the desert flora in the American Southwest is still scarcely begun, there are possibilities of obtaining stock feed, alcohol, paper pulp, sugars, starches, resins,
Pollination of Saguaro Cactus by Doves, Nectar-Feeding Bats, and Honey Bees
In a large cage, free-flying western white-winged doves, nectar-feeding Leptonycteris bats, and honey bees were each effective as cross-pollinators of self-sterile saguaro flowers. Seed production
Recent highlights in the chemurgy of xerophytic plants
The practical economy of the utilization of the xerophytic plants is dependent upon a fairly complete utilizing of the extractives of the particular species involved, which vary with the species.
The Hispanic acculturation of the Gila River Pimas
When the Gila Pimas came into contact with Hispanic culture at the close of the 17th century, they had a relatively stable culture and economy. Subsistence was based on irrigation agriculture,
Although conservative opinion would consider the contended aboriginality of New World distilled liquors as yet undemonstrated, there is ample evidence of the wide distribution both in North and in
The water-soluble gums—their botany, sources and utilization
Arabic, tragacanth, ghatti, karaya and other commercially valuable gums are exudations of a variety of trees and shrubs in many parts of the world that render them useful in the adhesives, beverage, cosmetic, paint, papermaking, pharmaceutical, textile and other industries.