Carnap on empirical significance

  title={Carnap on empirical significance},
  author={Sebastian Lutz},
Carnap’s search for a criterion of empirical significance is usually considered a failure. I argue that the results from two out of his three different approaches are at the very least problematic, but that one approach led to success. Carnap’s criterion of translatability into logical syntax is too vague to allow for definite results. His criteria for terms—introducibility by chains of reduction sentences and his criterion from “The Methodological Character of Theoretical Concepts”—are almost… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Relevance and Verification
A. J. Ayer’s empiricist criterion of meaning was supposed to have sorted all statements into nonsense on the one hand, and tautologies or genuinely factual statements on the other. Unfortunately forExpand
Carnap’s epistemological critique of metaphysics
  • D. Bradley
  • Philosophy, Computer Science
  • Synthese
  • 2017
It is argued that the root of Carnap’s argument is the claim that metaphysical statements cannot be justified; the point is epistemic, not semantic; and this remains a powerful challenge to metaphysics that has yet to be adequately answered. Expand
Armchair philosophy naturalized
It is argued that since many results of the sciences can be construed as stemming from conceptual engineering as well, Carnap's account of philosophy can be methodologically naturalistic and defended the relevance of the analytic–synthetic distinction against criticisms by Quine, Demopoulos, and Papineau. Expand
A Defence of Descriptive Metaphysics
Empirical data provide us with a descriptive snapshot of ordinary views about philosophical concepts. At least one part of any ‘folk theory’ is descriptive. This project follows on what StrawsonExpand
Expanding theory testing in general relativity: LIGO and parametrized theories
Abstract The multiple detections of gravitational waves by LIGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory), operated by Caltech and MIT, have been acclaimed as confirming Einstein'sExpand
A Complete Bibliography of Publications in Synthese, 2020–2029
Abduction [336]. Abductive [11, 124]. ability [143]. Absence [188]. absences [233]. absurdity [154]. Acceptable [18]. accepting [120]. account [81, 169, 129, 13, 196, 168]. across [35]. Action [271,Expand


Carnap’s Forgotten Criterion of Empirical Significance
The waning popularity of logical empiricism and the supposed discovery of insurmountable technical difficulties led most philosophers to abandon the project to formulate a formal criterion ofExpand
Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science
"Semantic incommensurability", i.e., non-translatabilityofconcepts taken from different theories, is at the focus of the argument. 1 attempt to give a rational reconstruction of the notion underlyingExpand
Logical Syntax of Language
Rudolf Carnap's entire theory of Language structure "came to me," he reports, "like a vision during a sleepless night in January 1931, when I was ill." This theory appeared in The Logical Syntax ofExpand
Carnap, the Ramsey-Sentence and Realistic Empiricism
Based on archival material from the Carnap and FeiglArchives, this paper re-examines Carnap's approach tothe issue of scientific realism in the 1950s and theearly 1960s. It focuses on Carnap'sExpand
Papers in Philosophical Logic
Introduction 1. Adverbs of quantification 2. Index, context, and content 3. 'Whether' report 4. Probabilities of conditionals and conditional probabilities 5. Probabilities of conditionals andExpand
Significance and Analyticity: A Comment on Some Recent Proposals of Carnap
One of the most genuine tributes one can pay to any thinker who has already passed away is to be able to say that his work does not have to be given a special consideration as a kind of venerableExpand
Language, Truth, and Logic
Classic introduction to objectives and methods of schools of empiricism and linguistic analysis, especially of the logical positivism derived from the Vienna Circle, [i]Language, Truth, and Logic[/i]Expand
Compact Entailment and Wright's Verification Principle
In 'The verification principle: another puncture-another patch'2 Crispin Wright attempts to revive the verification principle. He does not agree with the positivist idea that there is a language ofExpand
Carnap’s logical empiricism, values, and American pragmatism
Value judgments are meaningless. This thesis was one of the notorious tenets of Carnap’s mature logical empiricism. Less well known is the fact that in the Aufbau values were considered asExpand
Theoretical Analyticity
  • J. Winnie
  • PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1970
The logical analysis of the structure of scientific theory is a task which is central to any comprehensive philosophy of science, and in this sphere no philosopher has contributed more incisivelyExpand